There's plenty out there.
Usagi Drop - Real life issues regarding parenting, among other things.
Mawaruru Penguindrum - A zany show, but it's a lot more complex that it initially looks. Funny, rich in symbolism, chaotic story.
There also might be some Spring shows that (Some are 2 cours and still running) that you may like?
Steins;Gate - Still ongoing, one of the best shows of the year IMO.
Tiger and Bunny - It may seem less than what it really is at first, but it's turned into quite the great story.
Ano Hana - Already finished, but many compare it to a melodrama like Clannad AS.
Also for another winter show you might have missed while Madoka was airing....
Wandering Son - One of the most mature stories this year about transgender issues.